An 'Octateuch', Codex Vaticanus Pal. Graec. 746. Byzantine, 12th century
Biblioteca Apostolica, Vatican.

Part I


60v, Races of Noah's Descendants

92v upper, Esau goes hunting with bow

Part II


334r right, Moses Sending the Spies to Canaan

351r (upper), Moses and the Israelites Defeat an Enemy Ruler

351r (lower), The Enemy Ruler's Hands are Bound

357v, Israelite Soldiers, Aaron & Moses

447v, The Scouts Report to Joshua about Ai.

450v, Joshua Sends a Small Force to Attack Ai.                       The Israelites are Defeated at Ai.

455r right, Defeated Israelites Return from Ai
Joshua Speaks to the Lord

455v, Joshua captures and destroys Ai

456r, Amorite kings brought before Joshua
out of the cave of Makkedah
Compare with the "Smyrna Octateuch".

469v, Judah Attacks Jerusalem

471v, The Angel of the Lord at Bochim

480v, A Judge Defeats a Foreign Army
Manuscript: Vat.gr.746.pt.1
   1) sec. XII
   2) p. 1-12: Aristea, c. sec. III/II a.C. Aristeae epistola sec. XII
   3) p. 13: Theodoretus, vesc. di Ciro, c. 393-458 Theodoreti praefatio ad Hypatium sec. XII
   4) p. 13v: Gregorius Nyssenus, s., c. 335-c. 394 sec. XII
   5) p. 14-150: in Genesim sec. XII
   6) p. 151-260: in Exodum sec. XII

Manuscript: Vat.gr.746.pt.2
   1) sec. XII (f. 337 suppl. sec. XIV)
   2) p. 151-260: in Exodum sec. XII
   3) p. 260-310: in Leviticum sec. XII
   4) p. 310-374: in Numeros sec. XII
   5) p. 374-438: in Deuteronomium sec. XII
   6) p. 438-468: in Iosue sec. XII
   7) p. 468-502: in Iudices sec. XII
   8) p. 503-508: in Ruth sec. XII

"Octateuch" means the first eight books of the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges and Ruth.



Referenced as figure 220 in The military technology of classical Islam by D Nicolle
220A and 220B. Manuscript, A - "David and Goliath," and "Guards at the Tomb," B - "Judah attacks Jerusalem," Smyrna Octateuch, 10th-11th centuries AD, Byzantine, Bib. Vat. Cod. Gr. 746, ff. 455r, 471v and 469v, Rome (War, Thor A).

[The "Smyrna Octateuch" was destroyed in 1922, but there are photographs. It is not Vat.gr.746.]



See also: Plates depicting the Byzantine folk hero, Digenis Akritas, 12th century
Other 12th Century Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers
Byzantine Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers