'Octateuch', Codex Vaticanus Pal. Graec. 746. Byzantine, 12th century
Biblioteca Apostolica, Vatican.


334r right, Moses Sending the Spies to Canaan

357v, Israelite Soldiers, Aaron & Moses

455r right, Israelites Defeated by Ai (?)

455v, Joshua captures and destroys Ai (?)

456r, The Gibeonites Deceive Joshua (?)

469v, Judah Attacks Jerusalem

471v, The Angel of the Lord at Bochim

480v, A Judge Defeats a Foreign Army
Manuscript: Vat.gr.746.pt.1
   1) sec. XII
   2) p. 1-12: Aristea, c. sec. III/II a.C. Aristeae epistola sec. XII
   3) p. 13: Theodoretus, vesc. di Ciro, c. 393-458 Theodoreti praefatio ad Hypatium sec. XII
   4) p. 13v: Gregorius Nyssenus, s., c. 335-c. 394 sec. XII
   5) p. 14-150: in Genesim sec. XII
   6) p. 151-260: in Exodum sec. XII

Manuscript: Vat.gr.746.pt.2
   1) sec. XII (f. 337 suppl. sec. XIV)
   2) p. 151-260: in Exodum sec. XII
   3) p. 260-310: in Leviticum sec. XII
   4) p. 310-374: in Numeros sec. XII
   5) p. 374-438: in Deuteronomium sec. XII
   6) p. 438-468: in Iosue sec. XII
   7) p. 468-502: in Iudices sec. XII
   8) p. 503-508: in Ruth sec. XII

"Octateuch" means the first eight books of the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges and Ruth.



Referenced as figure 220 in The military technology of classical Islam by D Nicolle
220A and 220B. Manuscript, A - "David and Goliath," and "Guards at the Tomb," B - "Judah attacks Jerusalem," Smyrna Octateuch, 10th-11th centuries AD, Byzantine, Bib. Vat. Cod. Gr. 746, ff. 455r, 471v and 469v, Rome (War, Thor A).



See also: Plates depicting the Byzantine folk hero, Digenis Akritas, 12th century
Other 12th Century Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers
Byzantine Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers