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Illustrations from

'Book of Fixed Stars' (Kitāb suwar al-kawākib al-ṯābita)
by ‛Abd al-Rahman ibn ‛Umar al-Ṣūfī,
dated 1260-80AD (British Library, London, manuscript Or.5323)

Probably produced in Maragha, NW Iran.

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Serpens & Serpentarius




Different angles of research suggest that the British Library al-Ṣūfī manuscript was produced in the Īl-Khānid observatory at Marāghā, in north-west Iran, between 1260 and 1280AD.
Main Source: Moya Catherine Carey, Painting the Stars in a Century of Change: A Thirteenth-Century Copy of Al-Ṣūfīís Treatise on the Fixed Stars (British Library Or. 5323) (Thesis University of London, 2001).

An illustrated description by ĎAbd al-Raḥmān al-Ṣūfī of the 48 classical constellations discussed by Ptolemy in his Almagest. The text contains labelled illustrations of the 48 constellations as viewed on a celestial globe and as viewed in the sky, along with supporting tables of individual stars within each constellation listing their Arabic names, celestial coordinates and magnitudes.
Source: Qatar National Library

Other manuscripts of the 'Book of Fixed Stars' (Kitāb suwar al-kawākib al-ṯābita) by ‛Abd al-Rahman ibn ‛Umar al-Ṣūfī

Seljuk Illustrations of Costume and Soldiers
Other 13th Century Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers