Illustrations from

'The Chronology of Ancient Nations' of Al-Biruni
(Abū al-Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad al-Bīrūnī )
Copy from Tabriz, 1407AD

Mohammed receives envoys
Mohammed recevant les envoyés

Nebuchadnezzar destroyed the Temple of Solomon
Nabuchodonosor détruisant le Temple de Suleyman

Two riders on a donkey and a camel
Deux cavaliers sur un âne et un chameau

Mohammed designates Ali successor
Mohammed désignant Ali successeur

The Annunciation to Mary
L’Annonciation à Marie

The peasant and the false prophet Bihafrid
Le paysan et le faux prophète Bihafrid

Held by Edinburgh University Library
Source: Cultural Heritage of Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev Foundation

Abū al-Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad al-Bīrūnī (born Sept. 4, 973AD, Khwarezm, Khorasan [now in Uzbekistan] — died c. 1052, Ghazna [now Ghazni, Afghanistan], Muslim astronomer, mathematician, ethnographist, anthropologist, historian, and geographer.

Other 14th-15th century resources for Islamic costume:
A stone carving of a horse & rider in Dagestan, late 14th century
14th or 15th Century Illustrations of Nomad Turkmen of Persia or Anatolia from manuscript Hazine 2153
Late 14th to 15th century Mameluke costume in Kalila and Dimna
Illustrations of Turkmen of Anatolia from Iskandar-namah (The Book of Alexander the Great), 1416
Timurid Soldiers from Baysunghur's copy of the Shahnama by Ferdowsi, 1430
'Book of Fixed Stars', by al Sufi, Samarkand, c. 1430-1440

Other 15th Century Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers