Illustration from the Tarikh-i jahanara of 1683
The Battle of Najm.
The Tarikh-i jahanara (The Chronicle of the World-Adorning One) is one of a group of anonymous ‘pseudo-histories’ of the Safavid Shah Isma‘il, who, in 1501, established Twelver Shi‘ism as the state religion of Iran. The text has been described as a ‘delightful agglomeration of tall tales’ about Isma‘il, his ancestors and his followers. In this particular illustration to the text, Isma‘il and his men assault a castle as the enemy (a group of Lurs) hurl rocks etc. down upon them.
1683 (AH 1094), Per 278, f. 191a Source: Chester Beatty Library, Dublin Castle, Dublin