Illustrations from Muslim Influenced, Norman and Lombard Southern Italy and Sicily
Lombards in a 10th Century Exultet Beneventano
Hunter on an ivory drinking horn, Muslim Sicily or southern Italy, 11th century.
A turbaned, mail-clad warrior on a carved ivory horn or 'oliphant' from Sicily.
Lombard Arms & Costume in an 11th Century copy of the Encyclopedia of Maurus Hrabanus or De rerum naturis
Lombard King Rotario Dictating the Law. Codex Legum Longobardorum, Italy, 11th century. Abbey Cava de Tirreny, Campania. Ms. 4, f 15v
Lombard soldier in an 11th Century Exultet Roll, Museo Civico, Pisa
Relief, Arrest of Jesus, mid-11th century AD, south Italian, Tomba di Rotari, Monte San Angelo
Saint Benedict frees a prisoner, Lombard, c.1070, Monte Cassino, Southern Italy
Frieze over the door of the Church of San Bernadetto, Brindisi, late 11th Century.
'Charlemagne's chess set', Southern Italy, end of the eleventh century. Paris Cabinet des médailles
Ivory casket, Fatimid Sicily or Southern Italy, 11th-12th Centuries. Pergamon.
Morgan Casket, Southern Italy, 11th-12th century.
Knights & infantry in Archivolt carvings above the Leoni door of the church of San Nicola in Bari, Italy, 1099 to 1106 AD
Italo-Norman carvings around the west door of the church of San Nicola in Bari, Italy, 1099 to 1106 AD
Soldiers on Ivory Altar Panels, Sicilian or south Italian, 1100-1150 AD. Museo Diocesano, Salerno.
Exultet Roll from Fondi, Campania, Italy, 1136AD, BnF NAL 710
Islamic Sicilian Ivory Casket with Horsemen, 12th century. Bargello.
Mounted Hunters on a Sicilian ivory pyxis, 12th century. Louvre.
12th century Arabic & Frankish costume in the Painted Wooden Ceiling of the Palatine Chapel; or download this site as a 16.6MB zip
Infantry on Bronze Doors made by Barisano da Trani, Trani Cathedral, Italy, c.1175
Carved Column Capitals in the Cloister of Monreale Cathedral near Palermo in Sicily, 1174 to 1182 AD
Sicilians & Germans in the Liber ad honorem Augusti by Pietro da Eboli, c.1197.
Sicilian Ivory Casket with Hunters, Cappella Palatina, Palermo, 12th or 13th Century.
Islamic Sicilian Ivory Casket with Horsemen, Veroli, Italy, c.1200-1225.
Sicilian Ivory Pyxis with Equestrian Falconers, Italy, 13th century, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Index of Illustrations of Costume and Soldiers